Conjugation of verbs
Definition: When we change verbs form base form to past and past participle form, then this variation is called conjugation of verbs.
There are two type of conjugation of verbs
1. Strong/irregular verbs: Strong verbs are those verbs whose internal vowels are changed to make past form and past participle form.
Be, meet, become, begin, fight, get, go, choose, dig etc.
2. Weak/regular verbs: When we add “d, ed, t” and of the verbs to make past form and past participle form, then those verbs are called weak verbs.
Add, ask, clean, discuss, provide, change, cancel, stop, mention etc.
1. Progressive verbs
Definition: Verbs that take “-int form” at the end of them, are known as progressive verbs. Most of the verbs are progressive verb.
I was eating apple.
Nipa was writing an essay.
Two hours later, we went to school.
There, we were plying, gossiping with our friends.
Some important progressive verbs
|Abandon, abide, abolish, abuse, accumulate, add, agitate, ambush, arrive, ask, bark, beautify, bring, betray, bite, blend, block, book, bright, cause, carry, care, cast, catch, certify, check, clean, clear, climb, cover, coagulate, collect, combine, come, close, compel, compile, compress, compute, conduct, confuse, consist, create, creep, cross, damage, deal, daunt, dedicate, decimate, decoy, degrade, deride, derive, detect, divulge, drink, earn, elect, select, edit, emit, eliminate, emphasize, execute, exist, express, fade, fall, follow, forsake, fight, gain, garnish, give, glorify, govern, gratify, hang, handle, help, illustrate, incubate, initiate, intrude, invest, join, joke, justify, knock, land, light, lift, lose, match, make, mix, meet, minimize, mislead, move, narrate, negotiate, nurse, observe, open, occur, obtain, oppress, order, overlook, paste, put, perform, pervert, place, plead, polarize, prevent, produce, proceed, read, realize, rectify, reconcile, relieve, remind, repudiate, rise, satire, satisfy, send, save, sentence, sleep, suck, submit, sustain, swim, talk, transfer, terminate, travel, try, undertake, undergo, unify, vanish, verify, wait, walk etc.|
2. Non- progressive verbs
Definition: Verbs that don’t take “-ing form” at the end of them, are known as non-progressive verbs.
You look lovely.
I think you are a good girl.
Then, Javed tells her that he loves her very much.
The girl says that she hates him very much.
Some important non- progressive verbs
|Agree, appear, believe, contain, doubt, deny, depend, disagree, feel, imagine, impress, know, like, dislike, love, listen, hate, hear, prefer, promise, possess, realize, recognize, remember, see, suppose, seem, smell, satisfy, surprise, think, understand, want, wish etc.|
Remember that feel, like, think, look, see, watch, listen, contain, and hear etc. can take progressive form in a particular situation.
3. Perception verbs/verbs of perception
Definition: Verbs that express our feelings, views etc. through our five sense organs, then those verbs are known as perception verbs or verbs of perception.
Mamun feels unwell. So, he goes to hospital.
Going there he sees his friend, Adeeb.
Adeeb can realize why Mamun comes to hospital
Verbs of perception
|Appear, believe, come, go, see, realize, smell, hear, watch, listen, observe, taste, recognize, notice, touch, sound etc.|
4. Linking verbs
Definition: Verbs that connect subject and complement and give different information about them, are called linking verbs.
Yanur is a good student.
He seems smart and looks good.
He feels proud of him.
To be verbs as linking verb: After these verbs, we generally use noun or adjective as complement.
|Am, is, are, was, were, been, being.|
Other verbs as linking verb: After these verbs, we generally use adjective as complement.
|Appear, seem, feel, like, love, fall, remain, smell, get, go, become, keep, taste, sound etc.|
5. Group verbs
Definition: When we use preposition after intransitive verbs and those intransitive verbs act as transitive verbs, then such transitive verbs are known as group verbs or prepositional verbs.
Remember that the same intransitive verb with different prepositions express different meaning.
An accident came about before my eyes. I went to the spot and came across my friend Kamal. Then we took the wounded man to a hospital. A change came over him after some days. Finally, the man came round.
6. Impersonal verbs
Definition: When introductory “It” is used as a subject of a verb, then that verb is known as impersonal verb.
It rains today.
It snows in winter.
It doesn’t matter whether you come or not.
Here, “rain, snow, matter” are known as impersonal verbs.
Rain, snow, boil, dew, blow, thunder, appear, seem
7. Inchoative verbs
Definition: Some verbs that express introduction, development, consequence of something/condition of something are called inchoative verbs.
The condition of the weather is going worse.
It is growing dark.
We should go on quickly.
Get, grow, become, come, fall, turn, change, run etc.
8. Non-conclusive verbs
Definition: Verbs that express our mental or psychological condition, such as liking, disliking, perception, emotion etc. are called non-conclusive verbs.
She doesn’t like Kari. She hates him very much, but he doesn’t mind.
He thinks one day she will love him.
List of non-conclusive verbs.
Verbs that express mental condition
|Agree, believe, doubt, imagine, know, mean, recall, remember, think, perceive, surmise, realize, suppose, trust, recognize, recollect, intend, forget etc.|
Verbs that express perception and emotion
|Feel, like, hope, love, hate, dislike, abhor, reproach, want, wish, desire, expect, please, satisfy, displease, pray, curse, mind, detest etc.|
Verbs that express other meaning/sense
|Appear, seem, matter, suffice, consist of, contain, depend, possess, comprise deserve etc.|
9. Defective verbs
Definition: Verbs that don’t change their forms according to the different types of tense, mood, voice etc., are called defective verbs.
I shall go there to see my mother.
You will come very soon, otherwise you will miss me.
Shall, will, may, can, must, ought, need, dare etc.
10. Quasi-passive verbs
Definition: Transitive verbs that appear active, but passive in meaning are called quasi-passive verbs.
Rice sells cheap.
The bed feels soft/hard.
The water tastes salty.
The flowers smell sweet.
The house is building.
The book is printing.
Feel, sell, write, smell, read, seem etc.