Kinds of nouns

Etymology: The word "noun" comes from Latin word "nomen" means "name". So, we can say, "A noun is the name of anything". In other word, the words that describe a person, thing, animal, and place are called nouns.

Definition : A noun is the name of any person, thing or place. In short, a noun is a naming word.

Examples:-

l. Person: Abir, Kabir, Nipa, Dipa etc.

2. Thing: Milk, water, honesty, poverty, gold, silver, police, army etc.

3. Place: Hori pur, Meghna, Comilla, Bangladesh etc.

Functions of Noun

1. Acts as a subject in a sentence.

Examples:-

Kabir lives in Comilla.

Nipa is an intelligent girl.

2. Acts as an object in a sentence.

Examples:-

I know him.

My mother loves me very much.

3. Acts as a complement in a sentence.

Examples:-

We elected him chairman.

I call her Bulbuli.

Classification of Noun

According to our senses (auditory, visual, olfactory etc.), there are two classes of Nouns. Such as :-

1. Concrete Noun: A concrete noun is a noun having bodily existence and that can be perceived through our sense organs.

2. Abstract Noun: An abstract is a noun having no bodily existence, but evolves quality, state or condition of a person or thing

Again, concrete Noun can be classified into four types. Such as:-

a. Proper Noun

b. Common Noun

c. Collective Noun

d. Material Noun

Therefore, we can say, there are five types of Noun. These are described in details.

Proper Noun

Etymology: The word "proper" comes from Latin word "proprius" means "one's own, in particular, distinct".

Definition: A proper noun is the name of a distinct person, thing, place and event.

Examples:-

1. Person: Kotha, Koli, Nishat etc.

2. Thing: Story book, Round table etc.

3. Place: Dhaka, London, New York etc.

4. Event: World War I, World War II etc.

Note: The initial letter of proper noun always will be capital letter.

Common Noun

Etymology: The word "common" comes from Old French word "comun" means "in common, general, belonging to all". And Latin word "communis" means "in common, public, not specific".

Definition: A common is the name of class of every person, thing, place that they belong to.

Examples:-

l. Poet (Means any poet, not particular one.)

2. Book (Means any book, not particular one.)

More common noun

Cow, crow, bird, man, snake, monkey, city, country, animal, boy, girl, river, apple, mother, father, sister, brother, plant, building, house, hill, table, chair, boat, ship, plane, mobile, movie, drama, food, actor, writer, teacher, scientist, doctor, engineer etc.

Difference between common noun and proper noun

Common Noun Proper Noun
1. Cow (common name of pet) 1. Red cow (particular name of cow)
2. Man (common name of individual) 2. Kabir (particular name of man)
3. City (common name of place) 3. Dhaka (particular name of city)
4. Flower (common name of thing) 4. Rose (particular name of flower)
5. Table (common name of thing) 5. Round 'table (particular name of table)
6. Book (common name of thing) 6. Bishad Sindhu (particular name of book)

Collective Noun

Etymology: The word "collective" comes from Latin words "collectus" and "collectivus" means "together'

Definition: A collective noun is the name of a group of persons, things that are integrated.

Examples:-

Police, army, rab, Jury, audience, party, team, gentry, fleet, herd, board, navy, bundle, gang, peasantry, flock, assembly, elite, bunch, batch, grove, stack, majority, infantry, cluster, mass etc.

Note: collective noun is always considered as neuter gender and when it is used as a subject in a sentence, verb will be singular

Noun of Multitude

When collective noun is not used collectively but, separately, then it is called noun of multitude.

Explanation:-

The jury is agreed in their opinions. (collective noun)

The jury are divided in their opinions. (noun of multitude)

Note: there are some collective nouns having no singular forms and so they are always considered plural.

Such as:-

Police, audience, cattle, public etc.

Material Noun

Etymology: The word "material" comes from Latin word "materia" means "matter, stuff, wood, timber".

Definition: A material noun is the name of thing, substance or material that is not countable but measureable.

Examples:-

Water, milk, rice, sugar, lentils (dal), wood, tea, iron etc.

Difference between material and common noun

Material Noun Common Noun
1. Milk 1. Butter, ghee, curd
2. Wood 2. Chair, table, door, window
3. Iron 3. Sickle, hamrner, funicle
4. Rice 4. Fine rice, gross rice
5. Oil 5. Soybean oil, mustard oil, coconut oil

Abstract Noun

Etymology: The word "abstract" comes from Latin word "abstractus" means "virtue or power of something".

Definition: An abstract noun is the name of quality, nature or state of any person or thing that has no bodily existence but can be realized.

Examples:-

Honesty, poverty, beauty, belief, independence, wisdom, knowledge, acquaintance, theft. thought, imagination, kindness, courage, boyhood, childhood, mercy, truth. cruelty etc.

Difference between adjective and abstract noun

Adjective Abstract Noun
l. Honest, poor, wise, beautiful, kind. 1. Honesty, poverty, wisdom, beauty, kindness.
2. Intelligent, precious, courageous. 2. Intelligence, price, courage.