Parts of speech

Etymology: The word “part” comes from Latin word “partem (nominative “pars”)” means “portion, fraction, and division”. The word “speech” also comes from Old English “space” means “act of speaking or manner of speaking”. The term “parts of speech” comes from Latin word “pars orationis”. It counts noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction and interjection. Sometimes, articles and participles are also counted as parts of speech.

Definition: Different meaningful words used and arranged in a sentence according to their functions, called parts of speech.

The different kind of words are called Parts of Speech. –J.C Nesfield.

For example:-

Kabir is a good student.
Noun Verb Article adjective Noun.

In everyday life, we use hundreds or thousands of words and all these can be divided into the following eight classes:-

1. Noun

2. Pronoun

3. Adjective

4. Verb

5. Adverb

6. Preposition

7. Conjunction

8. Interjection


Definition: A noun is the name of any person, thing or place. In short, a noun is a naming word.
A noun is a word used for naming some person or thing. – J.C Nesfield.


Sharif is a brilliant boy. -Proper Noun (Particular name)

The goat gives us milk. -Common Noun (common name of the same class)

Rohan is the best boy in the class. - Collective Noun (Name of a group taken as a whole)

Gold is a valuable metal. -Material Noun (Name of a matter of substance)

Honesty is the best policy. – Abstract Noun (Name of quality, state or action)


Definition: A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun or in lieu of noun in a sentence.

A word used instead of a noun is called a Pronoun. -J.C Nesfield.


He is going to university. - He (Pronoun)

She is an intelligent girl. - She (Pronoun)

They are playing football. -They (Pronoun)

You are a doctor. -You (Pronoun)

I am a student. – I (Pronoun)


Definition: The adjectives are the words which show or express quality, quantity, state, order etc. of a person/thing/animal/placed. In short, we can say, the words that modify nouns/pronouns, called adjectives.

An adjective is a word used for qualifying (or adding something to) the meaning of a Noun or Pronoun. -J.C Nesfield.


He is a good student.

Kabir is an intelligent boy.

The mountaintops are covered in sparkling .

Today is a crisp, cool spring day.

She has four children.


Definition: Verbs are the words that express action. From other sense, we can say that verbs are words that say something about a person/thing.

A verb is word used for saying something about a person or a thing. -J.C Nesfield.


She waited for her friend at the mall.

Farhan is throwing the football.

He left in a hurry.

Close the door!

She slept all night.


Definition: The adverb is a word that modifies noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, preposition or adverb. In the other sense, an adverb is a word that modifies or adds something to the meaning of any parts of speech without interjection.

An adverb is word used to qualify any parts of speech except noun or pronoun. –J.C Nesfield.


The man is very active.

She walks slowly.

The horse run fast.

She went out silently.

Usually he gets tired of them


Definition: Preposition is the word that placed before noun or pronoun showing relation to the other words in the sentence.

A Preposition is a word placed before a noun or noun equivalent to show in what relation the person or thing denoted thereby stands to something else. –J.C Nesfield.


He will come here after 8 o’clock.

Farhan is above in the society.

What are you about?

He came by road.

I am ready for work.


Definition: A conjunction is a word that join two words, phrases and clauses together in a sentence.

A conjunction is a word for joining one word to another word, or one sentence to another sentence. –J.C Nesfield.


Farhan and Pias are good boys.

Sharid is a boy but Liza is a girl.

He told me that he would help me.

I like you for your sincere.

Though he is poor, he is honest.


Definition: The words, which express sudden feelings of mind such as, abhorrence, unpleasantness, soreness, merriment, anger etc. called interjections.

An interjection is a word or sound thrown into a sentence to express some feeling of the mind. –J.C Nesfield.


Hello, Farhan! How do you do?

Hurrah! Today is holiday.

Alas! My brother is no more.

Bravo! You have done well.

Hi! How are you?