The sentence

Etymology: The word “sentence” comes from the Latin word “sentential” means “thought, way of thinking”.

Definition: A sentence is a group or words which express our complete sense. In other word, a sentence is a set/group of words or combination of meaningful words which express our complete sense.

A combination of words that makes a complete sense is called a sentence. –J.C. Nesfield.

Formation of sentence

Single-worded sentence

(Come. Go. Stop. Wait. Etc.)

Multi-worded sentence.

Who is there ? (With verbs)

He is going now. (With verbs)

Where are you going now? (With verbs)

Mr. Farhan (Verbless)

Not at all. (Verbless)

Where to? (Verbless)

Structure of sentence

There are two parts in a sentence.

They are -

1. Subject or (Noun Part)

2. Predicate or (Verb Part)

The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about is called the subject of the sentence.

The part which tells something about the subject is called the predicate of the sentence. - Wren and Martin.

1. Subject or (Noun Part)

Definition: The person or thing about which something said in a sentence is called subject.

2. Predicate or (Verb Part)

Definition: What is said about the subject in a sentence is called predicate.

Subject Predicate
They are playing football.
I am reading a book.
Asad was sleeping.
The boy got the prize.

Note that, We don’t generally, use subject in an imperative sentence.

For example:-

“come here, obey your parents.”

However, sometimes, we can use “you” as a subject at the beginning of the imperative sentence, when we emphasize on the meaning of the sentence.

For example:-

You do it now.

You obey your teachers.

Also note that, sometimes, one word can express complete sense. In this case, sentence is made up of one word.

For examples:-

“Stop, Start, Come, Go, Impossible, Certainly, Right, Wait, Yes, No, Listen, Look, etc."